Upper region includes the Caucasus Mountains southern slopes of the rivers Inguri and Tskhenistsqali, zemotsels. Historical region included Kodori Gorge, the so-called "region of Abkhazia," the Upper Abkhazia, Samegrelo northern part of the border region of Upper Racha and Lechkhumi; North Caucasus - Kuban baksan origin and valleys. The Caucasus region is surrounded by giant, snowy peaks, it is one of the most remarkable of the region, its rich history and beautiful nature.
Climate / Climate:
Svaneti at an altitude of 2000 m at the humid, cold and long winters, while summer is short, warm, sometimes hot. The average annual temperature is +5.7 C, January -6.4 o C, in July +16.4 C. Svaneti highest places, where a real summer does not know, humid climate and nival.
Culture and tradition:
In the region, local culture makes an uninterrupted chain Early Bronze Age to the present day. It is rich with churches, unique fresco and icon samples. In earlier centuries, the region was part of the kingdom of Colchis, and then - Egrisi Kingdom. BC III By the first half of the reign of King Parnavaz, the region of the kingdom was saeritavo. IV century, the region has become an ally of the Kingdom Lazeti and often took part in the kingdom's borders to protect produced campaigns. Periodically, the region was independent, had its own ruler and tribal sabchoebi.vakhtang Str Kartli region during the reign of the composition, but the VI century became independent again. Christianity in the region, most likely, the city of the Kingdom, the 523 - 530 years of the spread. The historical region of the gold miners, strong and ancient farmers refer. Greek historian Strabo dageograpi Svan user reads the following: The best are the bravery and the force of the hand, they possess and all around and occupy the heights of Caucasus, above Dioscuri. Svaneti to destroy the enemy, did not encounter any interruption of life and that's why the indigenous Georgian population remained unchanged. Settlements developed household conditions. As a result of the dissolution of a family being fraternities (WC. "Lamkhub", "samkhub"), the union of the ravine created inside the territorial community. Svans from ancient times to develop agriculture and animal husbandry, farming this dargebtanaa related to religious beliefs. Svans built tower blocks, churches and bridges, roads, making farm tools and weapons, unique wheat cultures. The region is famous for its folk art and fine works, wood carving art. Region is known for exquisite fresco mural painting and excellent schools. Svaneti is one of the riches and treasures of the local language. Swans of the Ibero-Caucasian family of Georgian languages is one of the branches. Svan an unwritten language. Svans for literary and national language of the functioning of the Georgian. Their gold was linked to the myth of the Argonauts in the region. People knew from experience that Svaneti okronarevi rivers carrying sand. Sometimes discarded lumps of gold in the river flood plains Svanetians found. They help to get the gold lamb leather. Sheep skin stretched on a wooden plank in the water apendnen and strengthened, that the water is taken.At this time the leather side of the fur above was placed. Some sense of time and retained the skin to dry gapendnen. Dapertkhavdnen dried leather and gold "stones" gadmoqridnen. This rule and the gold extraction of sand in rivers okronarevi existence was known to Greek and Roman writers. Argonauts of the Golden Fleece - Golden Fleece matqliani leather having brought the desire of the kingdom of Colchis. The region was part of the kingdom of Colchis. This was the only angle from which the kingdom of Colchis and its ferocious King Mr. Gold was supplied. Gold production in the region is still dasturdebaa folk rules. The village elder's story, tales and legends often mentioned okrosrkiani okrostmiani Bulls and female deity-Dali. Traditions and customs of the region are as strict as the nature and style of living. Religious rites larger part in the life of Svan. Practices differed from the number of days to reach 160. Svanetians respectful conduct rituals, where the patron of goods and people, leading to fertility gods, the spirit of worship and fire folk festivals are mentioned. Svans sing songs ravalkhmian, the ancient texts of their ancestors, hunters, cross producing, cattle farmers and the people of that time. Svanetians perform dances, which is only for this part are passed on from generation to generation mystical legends and tales. Swans clothing integral Svanian cap made of felt is. The twisted thread sewn to the upper part of the image to create a cross.
Svan cuisine is distinguished by its diversity in the Caucasus. An environmentally friendly product, diasakhlista craftsmanship and special dressings - "Svan salt" Svan table incomprehensively grants. In ancient times closer Svan table and symbol of respect. Mosiskhleebis reconciliation table was stopped in rural and secular works. The court's decisions are often at the table. Svan are very hospitable. Casual visitors and foreign mogzaursa great respect. Region of the special dishes and food: bread, cheese, Kubdari, sausage, chishvdari, cheese and cheese dishes diversity, a variety of cereals is prepared porridges, a barbecue, a variety of meat dishes, honey and jam made from kenkrovanebisa. Svan people drink vodka ertnakhad, which is called the rakhi. Many plants and various folk methods of treating the disease in the region. Here, large and small are well aware of the name and designation of medicinal plants.
Svaneti towers and churches, "UNESCO" is protected. Svaneti tower hamlets, most likely, was built in the early Middle Ages. Tower defense structure prevalent in the region. Most of the towers of 20-25 meters in height and consists of 9 floors 4-5, rarely 6 floors. The floors are connected with internal wooden stairs.Roofed towers orperda roofs and all of them have a narrow window cut. The top floor was arranged in a fighting platform. Towers were cobble stones and boulders, sometimes even pikalsa also used. Towers from the outside was plastered with plaster. Svan fortified house also served as a defense if necessary. Unlike the tower, a prison-house, and consists of 3 lower floors. The first floor is for human habitation or cattle, the second floor - for agricultural purposes, although the warmer months of the year was used for living. Currently the vast majority of the towers are inactive, with the exception of individual families who are used to store winter provisions on high floors. Svaneti towers garemostanaa combined, the ancient builders of sophisticated experience and taste.
Mestia, Svaneti regional center, located at an altitude of 1500 meters. Mestia is located in the valley of the Inguri River basin, rivers and Mestiachala mulkhris banks. Mestia is divided into sections: set Lekhtagi, Lanchvali and Laghami. Mestia, the second set. George Church, a church and the Upper Svaneti. The old church was destroyed and re-built in the XVIII century. Here XII-XIII cc icons and crosses protected. XIII century painting preserved fragments Pusd local church. Savior Transfiguration Church Laghami nave, two-story basilica. The first floor, the church, built in the XIII century, the second floor - the Transfiguration Church, built on the XIII century. Both floors of the church frescoes XII-XIII centuries.
In the Historical Museum:
Svaneti treasure large part of the Historical and Ethnographic Museum of the country, which is set in St. George Church was established in 1936 to protect the unique material. The museum keeps familiar churches copied manuscripts, numerous engraved and painted icons, ancient gold coins and ethnographic monuments of the feudal era. The museum also features: XI century chasing "mempianta School" samples; XIII century chasing "tomanianta School" samples, Svaneti rulers - dadeshkelianta - ancestral items. XIX century Italian photographer Vittorio Sella photo exhibition, a great-grandson of Vittorio Sella visited museums gift.
|№||Number of passengers||Number of dates||Price
(per person) with guide
|7||16 and more||3||$70||$120|